Four lenses for reading metaphysics and ethics
There are four lenses one should use when reading systems of metaphysics and ethics. It’s difficult to internalize and gain intuition around these systems; especially when fidelity is lost through translation and the evolution of word meaning and connotation over time. I’ve found that reading with the following four lenses is useful for extracting the most value out of such effort.
1. Through the mind of the thinker
“In the moment when I truly understand my enemy, understand him well enough to defeat him, then in that very moment I also love him. I think it’s impossible to really understand somebody, what they want, what they believe, and not love them the way they love themselves.”
- Ender in Ender’s Game by Orson Scott Card
Reading philosophy is far from waging war, but Ender’s notion of fully internalizing his enemy’s mind to understand them and then to exploit and destroy them...
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